Topic outline

  • Lesson Plan - 8/14/17

    1. Give an introduction into the course

    2. Go over class expectations

    3. Review the "quirks" of Mr. Fry and his classroom

    4. Look at and review best learning practices that will be used in the course.


    • Lesson Plan - 8/15/17

      Begin unit on Christianity
        a. Rationale on studying Christianity first
           * Don't know where you all are coming from
           * Want baseline of core theological understanding
            * Cannot know counterfeit if don't know real
      Sum up in 2-3 sentences what the Christian faith is all about
      b. Major doctrines of Christianity (ppt)
         * These are things all evangelical Christians agree on
          * Definition Doctrine and examples
          * Bible as the Word of God
          * Definition of heresy - heretical doctrines that have emerged recently
              - Using the word heresy at least 2X, give examples of heresies present today
              - you may use your laptop if you need help
          * Inspiration of Scripture


      • Lesson Plan 8/16/2017

        Understanding the Godhead
          1. In table groups - think up at least 7 attributes of God (Qualities of God)
              a. Play game last group standing
              b. Last group standing after naming attributes wins
        2. Attributes of God:
            Simplicity—God has no parts
        Unity—there is only one God
        Eternity—God is not in time and space
        Immutability—God does not change
        Omnipresence—God is everywhere
        Sovereignty—God the supreme ruler of all
        Omniscience—God knows everything
        Omnipotence—God is all powerful
        Justice—God treats individuals with moral equity
        Truth—God is what is real and true
        Love—God is unlimited in goodness
        Freedom—God id independent of His creatures
        Holiness—God is separate and pure


        • Lesson Plan 8/17/2017

          Continue in the attributes of God

          Simplicity—God has no parts

          Unity—there is only one God

          Eternity—God is not in time and space

          Immutability—God does not change

          Omnipresence—God is everywhere

          Sovereignty—God the supreme ruler of all

          Omniscience—God knows everything

          Omnipotence—God is all powerful

          Justice—God treats individuals with moral equity

          Truth—God is what is real and true

          Love—God is unlimited in goodness

          Freedom—God is independent of His creatures

          Holiness—God is separate and pure

          2. Project - Make up a religion that violates at least 3 of the attributes of God.  What would altering these three points do to how the religion is expressed?


        • Lesson Plan 8/18/2017

          Theology of Jesus - the cornerstone of Christianity

          1. Give a two to three sentence statement on why Jesus is important

          2. Talk with your neighbor about what you had.  What was the same?  What was different?

          3. Theology of Christ

          He existed with God in eternity before creation

          He was born in the flesh

          He was fully human

          He was fully God

          He led a sinless life

          He voluntarily set aside certain divine attributes in His earthly ministry

          He paid the penalty of Sin with His death

          He rose from the dead in in a resurrection body

          He ascended into heaven

          He will return

          4. Exit pass - Write down two questions you have concerning the person of Jesus


          • 8/21/2017

            Continue with Friday's lesson

               1. Give a 2-3 sentence description of the Trinity with a picture or illustration.

               2. Continue with the attributes of Christ as on Friday.



            • 8/22/2017

              1.Finish the Attributes of Christ

              2. Begin the Attributes of the Holy  Spirit

              • 8/23/2017

                Review for Test tomorrow

                • 8/24/2017

                  1. Take Test

                  2. Begin Unit on Secular Humanism

                      a. Typically, they do not believe there is a God.

                       b. Those who do believe there is a God tend to be considered:

                              - Quaint relics

                              - Misguided

                               - Ignorant

                               - Mentally Ill

                               - Or all the above


                  • 8/25/2017

                    Secular Humanist view of Jesus

                       a. Many are attempting to make the case that Jesus never existed

                       b. If he did exist, he was merely a man.

                             - Was able to rile up people

                              - Miscalculated and was killed

                              - His followers invented the rest of the story

                    Creation

                       1.Considers evolution a fact rather than a theory.

                       2. Evolution is both random and inevitable given chemical laws

                       3. Those who believe in a creating God

                             a. Are stupid or ignorant or both

                             b. Hold humankind back from making greater progress

                    The Bible

                        1.The source of much ignorance

                        2. Certainly not the Word of Good

                             a. Written by many   people

                             b. Full of scientific   error

                                  * 6 day creation

                                  * Literal Flood

                                  * Believe bats are birds

                       3. Believe it all grew out of paganism

                     

                    • 8/28/2017

                      1. View the video - "Expelled"

                          a. "Is there an active covert persecution of Christianity in university circles?"

                          b. What part of the video most surprised you?

                      2. (Exit pass) Write 2-3 sentences either talking back to the video or talking back to the secular humanists

                      • 8/29/2017

                        Continue with Expelled

                        1. List at least 5 objections Atheists have with Christians

                        2. Which of the Atheist Doctorates seemed to have the most convincing argument?  Summarize that argument.

                         3. Which of the Intelligent Design Doctorates seemed to have the most convincing argument?  Summarize that argument.

                        4. How did you feel about the position of the Atheist with brain cancer?  Why?

                        5. Do you feel Ben Stiller made the case that Intelligent Design is a non-tolerated position in academic circles?  Why or Why not?



                        • 8/30/2017

                          Please answer 5 of the following questions raised by secular humanists.  You may use the internet to help you with the questions.  Each question should take 4-5 sentences or more to answer adequately.  Site your references.

                          1.       Where did God come from?

                          2.       Evolution is a fact.  This fact makes the idea of a creator an antiquated relic from the dark ages.

                          3.       Religion is deadly and a weight on society.

                          4.       It is doubtful that Jesus ever existed.

                          5.       If there is a loving God, then why is there suffering in the world?

                          6.       How can eternal hell be just?

                          7.       Christianity puts people into bondage.  A person cannot be free and have faith at the same time.


                          • 8/6/2017

                            Review for test tomorrow on Secular Humanism

                            • 9/7/2017

                              1. Take test on Secular Humanism

                              2. Begin unit on Islam

                                  a. Write what 3 things you think you know about Islam (talk about)

                                  b. Write 3 questions you have about Islam

                              3. Begin looking at origins of Islam

                              • 9/13/2017

                                1. Look at Islam via CNN report

                                2. Read the overview in the book World religions

                                • 9/14/2017

                                  Review and Finish work from the last meeting

                                  Finish reading about Islam

                                  1. Write 3 things learned about Islam last session

                                  2. Begin ppt on theology of Islam

                                  • 9/18/2017

                                    "What is your problem?"

                                    "What is the nature of Allah?"

                                    "What is the nature of people?"

                                    "How does that problem get fixed?"

                                    1. List 3 things about Islam that you find appealing

                                    2. Continue with ppt on theology of Islam

                                        a. Note the 5 pillars

                                        b. Explain each in its context in Islam

                                    • 9/19/2017

                                      1, Review the Problem and Solution of Islam

                                      2. Continue with the 5 Pillars of Islam - What is expected for righteousness   

                                      •  Shahada: Faith.
                                      •  Salat: Prayer.
                                      •  Zakāt: Charity.
                                      •  Sawm: Fasting.
                                      •  Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca.


                                         

                                      • 9/20/2017

                                        1. Review the main problem as Islam sees it and their solution

                                        2. Look at the origins of Islam and its pagan roots "Mystery Babylon"

                                        • 9/21/2017

                                          1. Go through the 5 pillars of Islam on the ppt.    

                                          • Shahada: Faith.
                                          • Salat: Prayer.
                                          • Zakāt: Charity.
                                          • Sawm: Fasting.
                                          • Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca.

                                          2. David Wood - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZxH4QYLRQY

                                          3. Go through the 10 reasons Mohammad was not a prophet (ppt)

                                          • 9/22/2017

                                            Finish yesterday's material

                                            Show David Wood - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5Nu6EabQD8  Three Quran verses to know.

                                            • 9/25/2017

                                              Finish input on Islam and use remainder of time to review for tomorrow's test.

                                              • 9/26/2017

                                                Did not finish input in time for review yesterday.  So today will be review day.

                                                • 9/27/2017

                                                  Take Test

                                                  • 9/28/2017

                                                    1. Read synopsis of Hinduism in "World Religions" Answer the following in full sentences.

                                                        a. When did Hinduism form as a religion?

                                                        b. What is the goal of Hinduism?

                                                        c. What is our main problem?

                                                        d.  How is that problem solved?

                                                    2.  Watch the segment on Hinduism in "The quest for God" 

                                                    • 9/29/2017

                                                      I will be giving general input on Hinduism as a base for further study today

                                                      1. •“Hinduism” is a 19th-century word

                                                      –Persian: hindu Ü
                                                      –Sanskrit sindhu (“river”)
                                                      –Religions from the Indus Valley
                                                      –“Indian Religion(s)”
                                                      •750+ million “Hindus” in India
                                                      •30+ million “Hindus” abroad
                                                      •Third largest religion in the world
                                                      2. Definition of Hinduism Indian Supreme Court 1966 (reaffirmed 1995)
                                                       •Acceptance and reverence for the Vedas
                                                      •A spirit of tolerance
                                                      •Belief in vast cosmic periods of creation and destruction
                                                      •Belief in reincarnation
                                                      •Recognition of multiple paths to salvation and truth,
                                                      •Polytheism
                                                      •Philosophical flexibility (no single dogma)
                                                       

                                                      • 10/2/2017

                                                         Look at Hindu's stages of life.

                                                        Show - An explanation of the meaning of each stage of life. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h4mnAFwODOs

                                                        •The student – Learns roles

                                                        •Householder (pleasure, family, success, duty)
                                                        •“Retirement”- Focuses on spiritual and helps with grandchildren
                                                        •Sannyasin (Renounces ties to family and things, works on spiritual “the one who neither hates nor loves anything”)

                                                        • 10/3/2017

                                                          Eight Steps of Hinduism

                                                          1. Five Abstentions (injury, lying, stealing, sensuality, greed)

                                                          2.) Five Observances (cleanliness, contentment, self-control, studiousness, contemplation)

                                                          3. Asanas (postures) -- for example, the lotus position

                                                          4. Mastery of Respiration

                                                          5. No Sense Bombardments

                                                          6. Concentration (to focus the mind on one thing only)

                                                          7. Meditation (the duality of the knower and the known, or of the subject and the  object is resolved into a complete unity)

                                                          8. Samadhi (complete absorption into God, all forms pass away, to think no-thing)



                                                           


                                                          • 10/4/2017

                                                            (Completed on 10/3 go on to 10/4)Stages of Life (uncompleted from above)
                                                            •The student – Learns roles
                                                            •Householder (pleasure, family, success, duty)
                                                            •“Retirement”- Focuses on spiritual and helps with grandchildren
                                                            •Sannyasin (Renounces ties to family and things, works on spiritual “the one who neither hates nor loves anything”)

                                                            • 10/5/2017

                                                              (Done on 10/4) Look at the social classes of Hinduism 

                                                              Assign class status to students in class and treat accordingly

                                                              •Four (plus) castes:

                                                                  Brahmins (seers)

                                                                  Kshatriyas (administrators, soldiers)

                                                                  Vaishyas (artisans, farmers, craftsmen)

                                                                  Shudras (unskilled laborers)

                                                              --------------------------------------------------------------------------           “untouchables” (today: “dalit”)

                                                              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NUaFQeUIc1o&t=258s


                                                              • 10/5/2017

                                                                Finish whatever is incomplete from above working toward possible test on Mondy.

                                                                • 10/6/2017

                                                                  Review for Monday's test

                                                                  • 10/9/2017

                                                                    1. Take test on Hinduism

                                                                    2. Begin unit on Buddhism 

                                                                    • 10/10/2017

                                                                      1. Show video on Buddhism (overview)

                                                                      2. Write 2-3 things learned

                                                                      3. The three refuges 

                                                                         The Buddha

                                                                         The Dharma (teachings, doctrine)                                                                                          The Sangha (the Order)

                                                                      • 10/23/2017

                                                                        1. Review Buddhism and the various elements that make it up

                                                                        2. Work on a compare and contrast between Buddhism and Christianity

                                                                            a. What are the major tenets of Buddhism

                                                                            b. How might Christianity answer each of those tenets

                                                                            c. Answer in at least 2 paragraphs:  Can a person be both a Buddhist and a Christian at the same time?  Why or why not?  

                                                                        Note: This will be the summative grade for the Buddhism unit

                                                                        • 10/24/2017

                                                                          Continue to work on a compare and contrast between Buddhism and Christianity

                                                                              a. What are the major tenets of Buddhism

                                                                              b. How might Christianity answer each of those tenets

                                                                              c. Answer in at least 2 paragraphs:  Can a person be both a Buddhist and a Christian at the same time?  Why or why not?  

                                                                          Note: This will be the summative grade for the Buddhism unit


                                                                          • 10/25/2017

                                                                            Complete the above topic  and move on to an introduction into Mormonism

                                                                            • 10/26/2017

                                                                              Continue with Mormonism

                                                                                 1. Who were the major players?

                                                                                 2. How did the religion come to be?

                                                                                 3. What are the major tenets of Mormonism?

                                                                              • 10/27/2017

                                                                                1. Continue looking into Mormonism

                                                                                2. Students  should investigate and write about major similarities and differences between Mormonism and Christianity

                                                                                • October 30, 2017

                                                                                  1. Finish notes on Mormonism

                                                                                  2. Review for quiz tomorrow which will include:

                                                                                      a. The three most important leaders

                                                                                      b. When, where,  how of formation

                                                                                      c. Key aspects of theology

                                                                                     d. How it differs from Christianity

                                                                                     e. The problems with the texts

                                                                                  • 10/31/2017

                                                                                    1. Take quiz on Mormonism

                                                                                    2. Begin unit on Judaism

                                                                                        a. Basics of background

                                                                                        b. Segments of Judaism

                                                                                    • 11/6/2017

                                                                                      1. Show videos on worship practices of Judaism

                                                                                          a. Hasidic 

                                                                                          b. Conservative/Reformed

                                                                                      2. Begin PowerPoint on the theology of Judaism

                                                                                          a. Overarching traditions and beliefs

                                                                                          b. Important documents

                                                                                      •613 commandments found in Torah (“Written Law”)
                                                                                      •Talmud (“Oral Law”) – commentary of ancient rabbis that elaborates on how to apply God’s Law in everyday life through:
                                                                                      –Dietary rules (Kashrut/Kosher)
                                                                                      –Dress and other symbols
                                                                                      –Prayer and devotion to the one God
                                                                                      –The Temple and Temple rites
                                                                                      –Observance of Holy days
                                                                                      –Proper social relations between male and female, in business, judicial rulings, etc.
                                                                                      •Thus sanctifying life, blessing it in every way
                                                                                       

                                                                                      • 11/7/2017

                                                                                        Complete Judaism

                                                                                        2. Begin PowerPoint on the theology of Judaism

                                                                                            a. Overarching traditions and beliefs

                                                                                            b. Important documents

                                                                                        •613 commandments found in Torah (“Written Law”)
                                                                                        •Talmud (“Oral Law”) – commentary of ancient rabbis that elaborates on how to apply God’s Law in everyday life through:
                                                                                        –Dietary rules (Kashrut/Kosher)
                                                                                        –Dress and other symbols
                                                                                        –Prayer and devotion to the one God
                                                                                        –The Temple and Temple rites
                                                                                        –Observance of Holy days
                                                                                        –Proper social relations between male and female, in business, judicial rulings, etc.
                                                                                        •Thus sanctifying life, blessing it in every way
                                                                                         

                                                                                        • 11/8/2017

                                                                                          Continue with Judaism 

                                                                                            1. Show Fiddler on the Roof

                                                                                             2. Explain both the Jewish religion and customs as seen on the screen

                                                                                          . Begin unit on Sikhism 

                                                                                               a. Where does it fit on the theological spectrum?

                                                                                               b. What is people's main problem they seek to fix?

                                                                                               c. What is the way to fix that problem?

                                                                                               d. What is the nature of God?

                                                                                               e. What is the nature of peop


                                                                                          • 11/9/2017

                                                                                            November 10, 2017

                                                                                            Quick project on the persecution of the Jews through the years.  (50 formative points)

                                                                                            Fiddler on the Roof was staged in 1905 Ukraine.  Please read the 1903 -1906 section of the following article:   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Jewish_pogroms_in_the_Russian_Empire

                                                                                            Find the definition pogrom

                                                                                            Who was the head of Russia in 1905.

                                                                                            Now find what happened to this Russian ruler.

                                                                                            Read the article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_antisemitism   What do you notice about anti-Semitism?




                                                                                            • 11/10/2017

                                                                                              Continue with Sikhism

                                                                                                 a. Where are Sikhs located, how many?

                                                                                                 b. What are the various ways Sikhism is unique?

                                                                                                 c. Where in the United States might you see Sikhs

                                                                                                 d. Begin work on the differences between Sikhism and Islam


                                                                                              • 11/13/2017

                                                                                                1. Finish input on Judaism

                                                                                                2. Complete project on the history of Judaism 

                                                                                                3. If time permits, review for test on Judaism

                                                                                                • 11/14/2017

                                                                                                  Review for the test on Judaism

                                                                                                  • 11/15/2017

                                                                                                    1. Take test on Judaism

                                                                                                    2.  Begin Sikhism

                                                                                                       a. Where are Sikhs located, how many?

                                                                                                       b. What are the various ways Sikhism is unique?

                                                                                                       c. Where in the United States might you see Sikhs

                                                                                                       d. Begin work on the differences between Sikhism and Islam


                                                                                                     

                                                                                                    • 11/27/2017

                                                                                                      Begin Sikhism

                                                                                                         a. Where are Sikhs located, how many?

                                                                                                         b. What are the various ways Sikhism is unique?

                                                                                                         c. Where in the United States might you see Sikhs

                                                                                                         d. Begin work on the differences between Sikhism and Islam



                                                                                                      • 11/28/2017

                                                                                                        BASIC BELIEFS OF SIKHISM

                                                                                                        Origin of universe is from ONE eternal light source
                                                                                                        One god/creator - ALL humans created equal
                                                                                                        Men and Women have same rights
                                                                                                        Human life -  a precious blessing
                                                                                                        All carry a spark of divine light: consequently no race, pigmentation, gender, is intrinsically superior to others
                                                                                                        –We are to behave as Role Models for those around us
                                                                                                        Freedom and Liberty for all

                                                                                                        - Protect yours and others rights

                                                                                                        Truth, fearless, non-hateful spirit are important in attaining salvation
                                                                                                        Justice and liberty for all
                                                                                                        Only Those who practice LOVE obtain God
                                                                                                        Respect for all Religions
                                                                                                        Equality of all faiths, caste, creed, race, and all are welcome to the Gurudwara


                                                                                                        • 11/29/2017

                                                                                                          Basic Vocabulary - Sikhism

                                                                                                             Sarbat da bhalla : Welfare unto all
                                                                                                             Seva: Daily selfless service to humanity
                                                                                                                   –Service to god through selfless service to humanity and Gods creation.
                                                                                                             Vand Chakna: sharing with the needy
                                                                                                             Kirat Karniyee: Honest Labor
                                                                                                                   –Honest earnings by hard work
                                                                                                                   –Do not become burden on the society
                                                                                                             Daily Prayers & Meditation

                                                                                                          • 11/30/2017

                                                                                                            PRACTICES AND DRESS CODE
                                                                                                               No magic: antidote for evil is to remember God  (recite His name)
                                                                                                               No rituals.
                                                                                                               No superstitions.
                                                                                                               No statues or idol worship
                                                                                                               Sikh men and women keep uncut hair
                                                                                                               Dress code given by tenth Guru:  Guru Gobind Singh, as a form of identity and uniqueness.
                                                                                                                  –Sikhs  wear the five K’s: Kesh (unshorn hair) Kanga (small comb) Kara (iron bangle) Kirpaan            (symbolic sword) Kachera (underpants)
                                                                                                               Color of turban is personal preference

                                                                                                            5 K's
                                                                                                                Kesh: uncut hair: Sikhs do not cut hair or beards to demonstrate their Love and                obedience to their faith.
                                                                                                                Kachera: undershot to represent modesty & fidelity
                                                                                                                Kanga: wooden comb to keep uncut hair neat and clean
                                                                                                                Kara   : bracelet, made of steel worn on dominant hand

                                                                                                                          : a reminder of noble actions, a symbol of eternity

                                                                                                                 Kirpaan: ceremonial knife symbolizing freedom, liberty and justice

                                                                                                                      * Never to be used as an offensive weapon

                                                                                                            DON'Ts

                                                                                                            Shaving or cutting of Hair

                                                                                                            Eating Halal ( Kutta ) meat

                                                                                                            Adultery

                                                                                                            Use of tobacco or intoxicants (Smoking, Drugs, Alcohol etc)





                                                                                                            • 12/01/2017

                                                                                                              Review for Test on Sikhism

                                                                                                              • 12/4/2017

                                                                                                                Review for test on Sikhism and Jehovah's witness



                                                                                                                • 12/5/2017

                                                                                                                  1. Take test on Sikhism and Jehovah's witness

                                                                                                                  2. Begin look at Masons

                                                                                                                      a. Is it really a religion?

                                                                                                                      b. What are the core tenants of this organization?

                                                                                                                      c. Consider the Bible admonitions not to mix anything with the faith


                                                                                                                  • 12/6/2017

                                                                                                                    1. Continue with Masonry - Oath 

                                                                                                                    •The obligations taken by Freemasons are sworn on the Volume of the Sacred Law.
                                                                                                                    •They are undertakings to follow the principles of Freemasonry and to keep confidential a Freemason's means of recognition.
                                                                                                                    •The much discussed "penalties," judicial remnants from an earlier era, are symbolic, not literal. They refer only to the pain any honest man should feel at the thought of violating his word.

                                                                                                                    2. Freemasonry claims to  lack the basic elements of religion: (They are wrong)
                                                                                                                    •(a) It has no dogma or theology, no wish or means to enforce religious orthodoxy.
                                                                                                                           They have their own orthodoxy: secrecy, syncratism, code of ethics, not testifying against fellow Masons, etc.
                                                                                                                    •(b) It offers no sacraments.
                                                                                                                           - Neither does Quakerism - yet they are a religion
                                                                                                                           - They actually have at least as many rites and traditions as any religion
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                    •(c) It does not claim to lead to salvation by works, by secret knowledge, or by any other means.
                                                                                                                           - Several religions do not talk about salvation (like Sikhism, Buddhism)
                                                                                                                           - They specifically say you "come from darkness to light" when you become a Mason.
                                                                                                                            - They claim to have an ancient and secret knowledge (like Gnosticism)
                                                                                                                    •(d)The secrets of Freemasonry are concerned with modes of recognition, not with the means of salvation.
                                                                                                                                    - And this would be meaningful...why?
                                                                                                                    Reasons they are a religion
                                                                                                                        a. They meet in a Temple, Have a most worshipful master, consider Masonic pledges to be more binding than any others
                                                                                                                       b. They include a theistic approach, albeit syncratistic in nature
                                                                                                                       c. The believe there is a God, that you must believe that also, and define God as part of the organization....Yup, its a religion.

                                                                                                                    • 12/7/2017

                                                                                                                      1. Collect loose ends on Mason religion

                                                                                                                      2. View https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CI2dNWJZzgg



                                                                                                                      3. Review for tomorrow's quiz on Masons

                                                                                                                      • 12/8/2017

                                                                                                                        1. Finish input on Masons

                                                                                                                        2. Review for quiz on Monday

                                                                                                                        • 12/11/2017

                                                                                                                          1. Take quiz on Masons

                                                                                                                          2. Begin look at Scientology

                                                                                                                              a. Who started the movement

                                                                                                                              b. Who are the primary demographics who respond


                                                                                                                          • 12/12/2017

                                                                                                                            Continue with Scientology

                                                                                                                              Main Beliefs

                                                                                                                            •Man is an immortal spiritual being.
                                                                                                                            •His experience extends well beyond a single lifetime.
                                                                                                                            •His capabilities are unlimited, even if not presently realized.
                                                                                                                            •Spirituality and thought (called "theta") is an energy existing in its own universe
                                                                                                                            •It’s separate and distinct from the physical universe of Matter, Energy, Space and Time (MEST)
                                                                                                                            •Spirit (theta) created, the physical universe (MEST).


                                                                                                                            • 12/13/2017

                                                                                                                              1. Finish the topic of Scientology

                                                                                                                              2. Look  at the  elements of their deeper "theology"

                                                                                                                                a. Zenon

                                                                                                                                b. Extermination of people

                                                                                                                                c. Background of L.Ron Hubbard


                                                                                                                              • 12/14/2017

                                                                                                                                Do a quick look at Shintoism

                                                                                                                                žA very loosely-organized religion
                                                                                                                                —No founder
                                                                                                                                —No official sacred scripture
                                                                                                                                —No fixed system of ethics or doctrines
                                                                                                                                —No belief in original sin
                                                                                                                                —No savior
                                                                                                                                —No eschatology
                                                                                                                                —No real sense of history

                                                                                                                                žShinto is shrine-centered and ritual-centered; not book-centered
                                                                                                                                —
                                                                                                                                žShinto was shaped and conditioned by the historical experience of the Japanese people from the prehistoric period to the present
                                                                                                                                žShinto is “caught, not taught” (transmitted from heart to heart through daily life)
                                                                                                                                žAn amalgam of attitudes, ideas, and ways of doing things that, over time, have become an integral part of the way of the Japanese people

                                                                                                                                • 12/15/2017

                                                                                                                                  Finish Shintoism

                                                                                                                                  žThe Shinto creation myth (from the Kojiki)
                                                                                                                                  —A cosmic egg gave rise to heaven and earth
                                                                                                                                  —There were 3 self-created deities
                                                                                                                                  —Then there were 7 generations of deities
                                                                                                                                  —Seventh generation included Izanagi (male who invites) & Izanami (female who invites)
                                                                                                                                  —Like Adam and Eve, or brother and sister*
                                                                                                                                  —Heavenly floating bridge and a jeweled spear
                                                                                                                                  —The silt which dripped down became the Japanese islands
                                                                                                                                  They descended from the High Plane of Heaven to the island Onogoro

                                                                                                                                  žThey married and gave birth to many deities
                                                                                                                                  žIzanami died, burned to death by the kami of fire
                                                                                                                                  žIzanagi was unclean and washed himself
                                                                                                                                  ž
                                                                                                                                  žAmaterasu’s divine grandson = Ninigi
                                                                                                                                  ž3 gifts: a mirror, a sword, and a string of jewels
                                                                                                                                  žNinigi’s grandson---à Jimmu Tenno (660 BC) – the first human emperor of Japan
                                                                                                                                  žAn unbroken line of descent from                          660 BC until today (emperor worship)
                                                                                                                                  žHirohito disavowed
                                                                                                                                  žJapan is the center of the world,                            and is of divine origin